Mindi Kitten Appraisals has answers to "Frequently Asked Questions"
Define the term "Appraisal"
Define the term "Appraisal"(Top) An appraisal report is an inspection leading to an opinion of value. This opinion or estimate is arrived at through the use of a formal method that commonly uses three "common approaches to value". One of the processes in use is the Cost Approach, which finds what it would cost to replace the improvements to the property, less the age and physical dilapidation, plus the land value. Another of the methods is the Sales Comparison Approach - which deals with finding a comparison to other similar nearby properties which have recently sold. Being the most commonly used approach, the Sales Comparison Approach tends to be the most accurate and best indicator of market value for a residential property. One of the least common approaches in appraising homes is the Income Approach, which is commonly used to find the market value of a property based on what an investor would pay based on the income produced by the property.
Describe what an appraiser does(Top) An appraiser produces an objective and well substantiated opinion of market value, to be used in making real estate transactions. Appraisers show their expert findings in appraisal reports.
What are the reasons a person would need services from Mindi Kitten Appraisals?(Top) There are many reasons to obtain an appraisal with the usual reason being real estate and mortgage transactions. Other reasons for ordering an appraisal report include:
What is the difference between an appraisal and a home inspection? (Top)The appraiser is not a home inspector and he or she does not do a full home inspection. The point of a home inspection is to investigate the structure of the property from basement to attic. The general property inspector's report will contain an evaluation of the condition of the house's heating systems, central air conditioning system (temperature permitting), interior plumbing and electrical systems, the roof, attic, and visible insulation, walls, ceilings, floors, windows and doors, the foundation, basement, and visible structure.
What is the difference between an appraisal and a comparative market analysis (CMA)?(Top) Simply, they have nothing in common. What the CMA depends on are ill-defined trends. Appraisals use similar sales which are valid resources. Location and architectural values are also precedent in an appraisal. All a CMA does is generate a "ball park figure." An appraisal delivers a defensible and carefully documented opinion of value.
The credentials of the person behind the report is frankly the biggest difference between a CMA and an appraisal. Real estate agents, who may not have a true grasp of valuation methods or the entire market, create CMA's. The appraisal is created by a licensed, certified professional who has made a career out of valuing properties. Likewise, the agent has a vested interest in the property's selling price whereas the appraiser is bound by a code of ethics to accept a previously agreed upon fee for assignments, regardless of their value conclusion.
What does the appraisal report contain? (Top)Each report must demonstrate a supported estimate of value and will clearly state the following:
Upon completion of the appraisal, what guarantee is there that the final number is trustworthy?(Top) In communicating an appraisal report, each appraiser must see to it that each of the items below are covered:
Who do appraisers work for?(Top) Mortgage lenders are an appraiser's typical client, requiring their services to ensure a home involved in a mortgage transaction is enough to cover a loan balance in the case of default. Attorneys and CPAs also retain the services of appraisers for divorce and estate settlements.
Where does an appraiser get the information used to estimate values in Lubbock County or other areas?(Top) One of the main tasks an appraiser must accomplish is to collect property data. Data can be described as either Specific or General. Specific data is from the property itself; Location, condition, amenities, size and other specific data are noted by the appraiser during an inspection.
General data is gathered from a number of places. Local Multiple Listing Services (MLS) provide information on recently sold homes that might be used as comparables. Tax records and other public documents verify actual sales prices in a market. Appraisers often have to report when a property lies in a flood zone, and that information is retrieved from a FEMA data outlet such as a la mode's InterFlood service.
And last but not least, the appraiser gathers general data from his or her collective knowledge gained from doing assignments for other properties in the same market.
Why do I need a professional appraisal?(Top) An appraisal is a valuable tool anytime the value of your home is pertinent to some financial decision. When selling your house, an appraisal will help you determine a price that maximizes profit and reduces time on the market. If you're buying, it makes sure you don't overpay. If you're engaged in an estate settlement or divorce, it ensures that property is divided fairly. Simply put, a house is often the single, largest financial asset anybody owns. Don't make decisions in the dark with a professional appraisal.
My mortgage statement has an item on it for PMI? Can I get rid of that?(Top) PMI is short for for Private Mortgage Insurance. This supplementary plan covers the lender in case a borrower is unable to pay on the loan and the value of the home is lower than what is owed on the loan. You can have your PMI dropped once you've achieved 20% equity in your home through appreciation and principal payments.
Should I do anything in advance of the appraisal inspection(Top) The first step in most appraisals is the property inspection. What this entails is the appraiser, after setting up an appointment, personally going through the home - recording the layout of the rooms, taking photos and documenting the general condition of its features. On the home's interior, make sure it is clutter free and that we can get to things like furnaces and water heaters. In the yard, trim any bushes so we can be free to get an accurate measurement of outside walls.
You can make the inspection go faster and improve the quality of the appraisal report by having the following things on hand:
What is "Market Value?"(Top) In real estate appraising, Market Value is commonly defined as:
Who has rights to the appraisal report?(Top) In most real estate transactions, the appraisal is ordered by the lender. Even though it's the buyer that eventually pays for the report, the lender is the intended user. The buyer is certainly entitled to a copy of the appraisal - it's usually included with all the other closing documents - but is not allowed to use the report for any other purpose without permission from the lender.
This rule doesn't apply when a home owner hires an appraiser directly. In these cases, the appraiser may stipulate how the appraisal can be used; for PMI removal, or estate planning or tax challenges, for example. If not noted otherwise, the home owner can use the appraisal for any purpose.
Which home renovations add the most to the price?(Top) A home's location - what city it is in and even what part of that city - is key to this popular question. For example, while quality appliances are attractive, a $7000 built-in refrigerator won't pay off in a neighborhood of moderately priced homes
As a rule, the most value returned from renovating a home comes in the kitchen. One recent study revealed that putting $20,000 into a kitchen remodel would add about $17,500 to the value of the home - or about an 88% return on investment. Bathrooms are right up there with kitchens, yielding 85%. On the contrary, something that may not add value would be painting just for the sake of redecorating.